Section IV: Additional Diversity Data from the U.S. Census Bureau and the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

U.S. health care systems are believed to function most efficiently when individuals from diverse backgrounds combine their talents and perspectives to work collaboratively to enhance health and health care outcomes for all.1-2  This section features select characteristics about physicians, physician assistants, and nurses. In addition, summary tables about the most recent (2011–2012) U.S. population estimates are provided. Data sources include the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation’s State Health Facts and the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) Public Use Micro Data Sample (PUMS) 2009–2011, three-year estimates.

“U.S. health care systems are believed to function most efficiently when they comprise diverse individuals working together to enhance health and health care outcomes for all.”

Population estimates about the U.S. physician workforce continue to show a rich demographic diversity (see Tables 2–6). For example, 27 percent of physicians surveyed between 2009 and 2011 were born outside of the United States, and nearly 29 percent spoke a language other than English at home (see Table 5c and Table 6a, respectively). Furthermore, approximately 19 percent of physicians have served in the military (see Table 3).

UVA SMDEP 2011

Credit: SMDEP at University of Virginia School of Medicine

Physicians often are viewed as the central provider of the current health care model; however, in order to truly advance health and health care equity, various health care providers are encouraged to work together to spur innovation and foster excellence.3

List of Tables

Table 1: Number of Physicians, Dentists, Physician Assistants, and Registered Nurses, by State*
Table 2: U.S. Physicians by Race, Ethnicity, and Sex 2009-2011*
Table 3: U.S. Physicians by Military Service, and Sex 2009-2011
Table 4A: U.S. Physicians by Race, Ethnicity, and Age, 2009-2011
Table 4B: U.S. Physicians by Marital Status, 2009-2011
Table 5A: U.S. Physicians by Citizenship, 2009-2011
Table 5B: U.S. Physicians by World Area of Birth, 2009-2011
Table 5C: U.S. Physicians by Nativity, 2009-2011
Table 6A: U.S. Physicians by Language Other Than English Spoken at Home, 2009-2011
Table 6B: U.S. Physicians by Language Spoken at Home, 2009-2011*
Table 7: Annual Estimates of the Population by Race and Hispanic Origin for the United States, by State: July 1, 2011*
Table 8A: Annual Estimates of the Population by Race Alone or in Combination(1) (Non-Hispanic or Latino Origin) for the United States, by States: July 1, 2011*
Table 8B: Annual Estimates of the Population by Race Alone or in Combination(1) and Hispanic Origin for the United States, by States: July 1, 2011*
Table 9A: Annual Estimates of the Population by Race Alone or in Combination(1) (Including Hispanic Origin) for the United States, by States: July 1, 2011*
Table 9B: Annual Estimates of the Population by Race Alone or in Combination(1) (Excluding Hispanic Origin) for the United States, by States: July 1, 2011*


 

Table 1: Number of Physicians, Dentists, Physician Assistants, and Registered Nurses, by State*

State Number of Physicians* (2012) Number of Dentists* (2012) Number of Physician Assistants* (2010) Number of Registered Nurses* (2011)
TOTAL 834,769 195,941 83,417 2,724,570
Alabama 10,446 2,180 398 45,400
Alaska 1,652 573 534 5,460
Arizona 15,269 3,638 2,041 44,710
Arkansas 5,747 1,217 260 23,550
California 95,041 30,512 6,723 250,230
Colorado 12,838 3,663 2,471 42,510
Connecticut 12,268 2,849 1,692 36,320
Delaware 2,657 423 295 10,510
District of Columbia 6,238 645 386 10,680
Florida 46,830 10,431 4,234 164,800
Georgia 21,558 4,769 2,232 65,240
Hawaii 3,464 1,082 211 10,210
Idaho 2,738 915 626 11,660
Illinois 35,643 8,673 2,589 123,770
Indiana 14,654 3,180 973 61,150
Iowa 7,133 1,684 965 33,230
Kansas 6,439 1,468 1,021 28,180
Kentucky 10,192 2,582 936 44,810
Louisiana 11,169 2,293 744 40,840
Maine 4,109 675 649 14,810
Maryland 20,060 4,495 2,127 49,620
Massachusetts 30,091 5,727 2,213 87,040
Michigan 31,172 6,138 3,724 89,670
Minnesota 15,412 3,299 2,186 56,660
Mississippi 5,681 1,289 113 29,640
Missouri 16,824 3,013 757 67,630
Montana 2,072 632 617 8,700
Nebraska 4,495 1,223 903 19,170
Nevada 5,221 1,451 613 16,470
New Hampshire 3,683 870 561 13,850
New Jersey 25,117 7,270 1,330 78,180
New Mexico 4,841 1,069 602 15,400
New York 68,898 15,543 6,989 176,180
North Carolina 23,253 4,809 4,040 91,300
North Dakota 1,649 399 271 8,960
Ohio 34,656 6,194 1,921 124,790
Oklahoma 8,064 1,943 1,112 28,290
Oregon 10,380 1,718 1,288 30,960
Pennsylvania 41,437 8,235 4,544 130,740
Rhode Island 4,055 586 287 12,340
South Carolina 10,424 2,356 896 42,650
South Dakota 1,874 441 530 11,120
Tennessee 16,526 3,362 1,212 60,570
Texas 54,508 13,347 5,518 184,890
Utah 5,741 1,887 927 19,100
Vermont 2,022 373 294 6,370
Virginia 20,688 5,285 2,224 62,210
Washington 18,773 5,030 2,621 54,490
West Virginia 4,750 908 639 18,280
Wisconsin 15,256 3,304 2,147 56,430
Wyoming 1,061 293 231 4,800

Note: The data was restructured based on the tables of total physicians, dentists, physician assistants, and registered nurses.
*The data are based on most recently calculated estimates between 2010 and 2012.
Source: Kaiser State Health Facts, Providers and Use, http://kff.org/state-category/providers-service-use/ as of October 20, 2013.

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Table 2: U.S. Physicians by Race, Ethnicity, and Sex 2009-2011*

Race/Ethnicity Estimate Standard Error Estimate Standard Error
Non-Hispanic White 387,478 3,265 171,808 2,587
Non-Hispanic Black 20,783 1,157 19,018 1,073
Non-Hispanic Asian 94,066 2,067 60,980 1,666
Non-Hispanic Other** 9,160 675 5,832 505
Hispanic 29,943 1,191 17,016 922

*For all Supplemental Tables 2-4B, "physicians" includes all surveyed individuals who met the following criteria: 1) occupation classified within physicians and surgeons (data are self-reported and thus likely include MDs and Dos); 2) educational attainment of professional or doctorate degree; 3) not currently laid off; 4) worked within the past 12 months; 5) employment status of "employed" or "with a job but not at work."
**The data include American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, Other Pacific Islander, Some Other Race, and Two or More Race Groups.
Source: US Census Bureau, ACS Public Use Micro Data Sample (PUMS) 2009-2011 3-Year. Accessed November 5, 2013.

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Table 3: U.S. Physicians by Military Service, and Sex 2009-2011

Military Service Estimate Standard Error
No* 731,699 3,614
Yes** 84,385 1,801

*The data only include never served in military and training for Reserves/National Guard.
**The data include active duty; active in the past twelve months but not now, active duty in the past but not during the last 12 months.
Source: US Census Bureau, ACS Public Use Micro Data Sample (PUMS) 2009-2011 3-Year. Accessed November 5, 2013.

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Table 4A: U.S. Physicians by Race, Ethnicity, and Age, 2009-2011

Race/Ethnicity Under 40 yrs Estimate Under 40 yrs Standard Error 40 to 49 yrs Estimate 40 to 49 yrs Standard Error 50 to 59 yrs Estimate 50 to 59 yrs Standard Error 60+ yrs Estimate 60+ yrs Standard Error
Non-Hispanic White 159,009 2,554 141,201 2,371 151,699 2,325 107,377 1,923
Non-Hispanic Black 14,379 941 12,482 902 8,628 731 4,312 520
Non-Hispanic Asian 71,212 1,870 40,967 1,397 22,798 1,001 20,069 887
Non-Hispanic Other* 7,099 599 3,438 390 2,176 294 2,279 340
Hispanic 17,456 938 12,803 800 10,829 719 5,871 504

*The data include American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, Other Pacific Islander, Some Other Race, and Two or More Race Groups.
Source: US Census Bureau, ACS Public Use Micro Data Sample (PUMS) 2009-2011 3-Year. Accessed November 5, 2013.

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Table 4B: U.S. Physicians by Marital Status, 2009-2011

Marital Status Estimate Standard Error
Married 637,068 3,518
Widowed 6,877 528
Divorced 52,355 1,591
Separated 8,311 670
Never Married or under 15 years old 111,473 2,324

Source: US Census Bureau, ACS Public Use Micro Data Sample (PUMS) 2009-2011 3-Year. Accessed November 5, 2013.

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Table 5A: U.S. Physicians by Citizenship, 2009-2011

Citizenship Estimate Standard Error
Born in the US or Territories* 581,234 3,546
Born abroad of American parents(s) 11,537 752
US citizen by naturalization 160,587 2,624
Not a citizen of the US 62,726 1,759

*Includes: 1) born in the US; 2) born in the US, Guam, the US Virgin Islands, or the Northern Marinas if current residence is Puerto Rico if current residence is Puerto Rico.
Source: US Census Bureau, ACS Public Use Micro Data Sample (PUMS) 2009-2011 3-Year. Accessed November 5, 2013.

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Table 5B: U.S. Physicians by World Area of Birth, 2009-2011

World Area of Birth Estimate Standard Error
US State - includes PR and US Island Areas 581,234 3,546
Latin America 31,996 1,243
Asia 139,732 2,472
Europe 37,002 1,330
Africa 16,013 1,001
Northern America 9,170 617
Oceania and at Sea 937 189

Source: US Census Bureau, ACS Public Use Micro Data Sample (PUMS) 2009-2011 3-Year. Accessed November 5, 2013.

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Table 5C: U.S. Physicians by Nativity, 2009-2011

Nativity Estimate Standard Error
Native 592,771 3,552
Foreign born 223,313 3,032

Source: US Census Bureau, ACS Public Use Micro Data Sample (PUMS) 2009-2011 3-Year. Accessed November 5, 2013.

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Table 6A: U.S. Physicians by Language Other Than English Spoken at Home, 2009-2011

Language Other Than English Spoken in Home Estimate Standard Error
Yes, speaks another language 235,360 3,036
No, speaks only English 580,724 3,596

Source: US Census Bureau, ACS Public Use Micro Data Sample (PUMS) 2009-2011 3-Year. Accessed November 5, 2013.

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Table 6B: U.S. Physicians by Language Spoken at Home, 2009-2011*

Language Spoken at Home Estimate Standard Error
Spanish 51,080 1,428
Hindi 16,853 895
Chinese 13,569 767
Arabic 11,941 768
Urdu 11,289 741
Tagalog 10,799 700
Other 119,829 1,952
No, speaks only English 580,724 3,596

*Languages listed represent the most frequent responses of physicians who reported speaking a language other than English at home. The six listed languages comprise just under one-half of the physicians who are estimated to report speaking a language other than English at home.
Source: US Census Bureau, ACS Public Use Micro Data Sample (PUMS) 2009-2011 3-Year. Accessed November 5, 2013.

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Table 7: Annual Estimates of the Population by Race and Hispanic Origin for the United States, by State: July 1, 2011*

States White Alone Black or African-American Alone American Indian and Alaska Native Alone Asian Alone Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Alone Two or More Races Hispanic or Latino Origin Total
TOTAL 243,470,497 40,750,746 3,814,772 15,578,383 692,091 7,285,428 52,045,277 363,637,194
Alabama 3,368,118 1,271,695 33,298 57,155 5,227 67,247 193,868 4,996,608
Alaska 490,374 25,886 107,494 40,327 7,875 50,762 42,113 764,831
Arizona 5,481,131 290,162 339,580 194,900 16,603 160,129 1,949,294 8,431,799
Arkansas 2,354,196 457,736 27,581 39,525 6,853 52,088 195,075 3,133,054
California 27,883,136 2,504,790 636,860 5,142,382 185,415 1,339,329 14,359,500 52,051,412
Colorado 4,516,283 221,500 80,670 149,929 8,854 139,560 1,070,566 6,187,362
Connecticut 2,946,740 396,060 17,093 144,446 3,549 72,821 494,290 4,074,999
Delaware 650,660 198,709 6,063 30,466 713 20,524 76,153 983,288
District of Columbia 262,304 313,106 3,400 23,041 838 15,307 58,744 676,740
Florida 14,959,040 3,141,840 93,330 493,873 19,853 349,606 4,355,525 23,413,067
Georgia 6,198,354 3,044,658 50,113 334,856 11,164 176,065 892,010 10,707,220
Hawaii 357,861 27,443 5,835 529,944 138,310 315,417 126,418 1,501,228
Idaho 1,488,442 12,143 26,463 21,006 2,901 34,030 182,080 1,767,065
Illinois 10,042,286 1,905,730 75,130 618,691 7,808 219,612 2,079,697 14,948,954
Indiana 5,655,830 610,595 24,942 110,157 3,655 111,743 403,796 6,920,718
Iowa 2,847,701 94,028 14,043 56,855 2,526 47,156 158,014 3,220,323
Kansas 2,510,254 176,225 33,785 71,898 2,889 76,187 309,914 3,181,152
Kentucky 3,882,296 349,682 12,553 52,201 3,333 69,291 138,563 4,507,919
Louisiana 2,918,181 1,482,004 33,634 74,720 2,658 63,639 202,233 4,777,069
Maine 1,267,747 16,804 8,869 14,256 415 20,097 17,958 1,346,146
Maryland 3,561,383 1,749,143 31,454 337,586 5,660 143,063 490,716 6,319,005
Massachusetts 5,538,825 512,134 30,462 371,141 6,257 128,717 650,621 7,238,157
Michigan 7,925,094 1,417,079 68,870 251,121 3,719 210,304 447,917 10,324,104
Minnesota 4,645,546 286,301 68,412 225,307 3,199 116,096 259,297 5,604,158
Mississippi 1,787,924 1,111,856 17,237 27,875 1,781 31,839 85,631 3,064,143
Missouri 5,048,422 703,954 31,273 103,105 7,322 116,612 221,155 6,231,843
Montana 896,925 5,401 64,070 6,871 780 24,152 30,502 1,028,701
Nebraska 1,660,697 87,124 23,864 34,716 2,213 34,027 174,516 2,017,157
Nevada 2,115,946 233,955 44,162 208,527 19,644 101,088 737,221 3,460,543
New Hampshire 1,247,382 17,256 3,668 29,811 572 19,505 38,560 1,356,754
New Jersey 6,539,664 1,289,292 51,048 766,130 8,128 166,893 1,600,690 10,421,845
New Mexico 1,735,602 51,844 210,499 32,426 3,275 48,578 973,050 3,055,274
New York 13,910,374 3,400,757 185,174 1,517,556 24,765 426,571 3,495,138 22,960,335
North Carolina 6,966,432 2,121,228 149,520 225,631 10,670 182,920 832,405 10,488,806
North Dakota 617,951 9,097 37,531 7,366 387 11,600 15,318 699,250
Ohio 9,653,887 1,432,940 30,269 201,988 5,511 220,356 367,116 11,912,067
Oklahoma 2,873,019 290,106 338,069 69,820 5,659 214,835 347,620 4,139,128
Oregon 3,428,804 76,371 68,455 150,227 15,141 132,861 466,069 4,337,928
Pennsylvania 10,673,040 1,443,659 40,421 368,649 7,344 209,773 750,431 13,493,317
Rhode Island 907,145 75,560 9,223 32,388 1,652 25,334 134,714 1,186,016
South Carolina 3,198,737 1,315,076 24,959 64,334 4,000 72,124 245,660 4,924,890
South Dakota 713,633 11,523 73,285 8,318 582 16,741 24,020 848,102
Tennessee 5,090,235 1,082,904 26,819 97,458 5,646 100,291 303,119 6,706,472
Texas 20,769,382 3,138,725 263,309 1,039,470 33,043 430,752 9,791,582 35,466,263
Utah 2,589,018 35,678 42,162 61,207 26,773 62,384 372,912 3,190,134
Vermont 598,133 6,816 2,371 8,480 191 10,440 9,767 636,198
Virginia 5,772,842 1,599,850 42,593 466,286 8,651 206,382 660,730 8,757,334
Washington 5,598,327 262,092 124,880 508,982 44,424 291,333 789,060 7,619,098
West Virginia 1,745,175 65,825 4,086 13,463 526 26,289 23,900 1,879,264
Wisconsin 5,048,535 370,380 61,117 136,551 2,586 92,598 348,269 6,060,036
Wyoming 531,484 6,024 14,774 4,965 551 10,360 51,760 619,918

*The data were restructured on the basis of the data obtained from the following source: Table 4. Estimates of the Resident Population by Race and Hispanic Origin for the United States and States: July 1, 2011 (SC-EST2011-04). Release Date: May 2012.
Note: Hispanic origin is considered an ethnicity, not a race Hispanics may be of any race. Responses of "Some Other Race" from the 2010 Census are modified. This results in differences between the population for specific race categories shown for the 2010 Census population in this table versus those in the original 2010 Census data. For more information, see http://www.census.gov/popest/data/historical/files/MRSF-01-US1.pdf.
Source: US Census Bureau, Population Division.

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Table 8A: Annual Estimates of the Population by Race Alone or in Combination(1) (Non-Hispanic or Latino Origin) for the United States, by States: July 1, 2011*

Geographic Area White Alone or in Combination Black or African-American Alone or in Combination American Indian and Alaska Native Alone or in Combination Asian Alone or in Combination Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Alone or in Combination
TOTAL 202,635,689 40,832,021 4,096,638 17,286,985 1,047,387
Alabama 3,261,232 1,286,091 53,602 67,932 4,244
Alaska 501,801 32,440 135,150 50,649 10,906
Arizona 3,822,023 295,094 296,771 221,663 20,949
Arkansas 2,223,489 469,617 45,017 46,206 7,459
California 15,794,344 2,474,435 389,083 5,460,005 240,435
Colorado 3,661,236 234,545 66,282 182,272 12,691
Connecticut 2,587,714 372,706 22,483 158,801 3,818
Delaware 605,398 201,634 7,822 34,431 927
District of Columbia 227,748 311,887 5,131 27,925 909
Florida 11,194,677 3,073,527 122,233 573,284 33,011
Georgia 5,576,116 3,056,611 67,123 372,500 12,760
Hawaii 505,540 38,954 23,764 725,193 311,375
Idaho 1,351,864 15,646 30,433 29,607 4,662
Illinois 8,306,492 1,927,797 62,066 670,876 10,497
Indiana 5,392,281 648,761 41,979 129,575 5,418
Iowa 2,745,678 112,756 20,421 66,453 3,445
Kansas 2,295,201 196,896 50,294 84,500 4,252
Kentucky 3,823,829 378,314 28,668 63,039 4,468
Louisiana 2,797,234 1,495,329 50,532 85,811 4,055
Maine 1,271,136 21,605 17,799 18,710 915
Maryland 3,271,935 1,768,351 45,677 377,369 8,268
Massachusetts 5,123,282 471,577 36,920 405,676 7,856
Michigan 7,719,260 1,484,330 123,958 294,930 8,327
Minnesota 4,520,651 325,699 91,919 253,000 5,590
Mississippi 1,743,656 1,119,474 24,346 33,561 2,305
Missouri 4,957,418 743,810 65,821 125,093 10,373
Montana 894,193 8,632 75,424 10,735 1,616
Nebraska 1,533,329 97,473 24,310 41,289 2,342
Nevada 1,525,131 240,480 41,404 237,697 29,055
New Hampshire 1,231,721 20,654 9,633 35,208 1,002
New Jersey 5,292,591 1,199,617 41,427 806,011 9,193
New Mexico 862,717 47,780 190,534 36,644 3,038
New York 11,525,709 2,996,518 131,510 1,605,923 23,848
North Carolina 6,410,550 2,147,158 164,634 257,899 12,042
North Dakota 615,761 11,628 42,221 9,460 762
Ohio 9,538,848 1,525,229 80,520 241,236 8,998
Oklahoma 2,767,608 325,886 463,568 85,319 7,596
Oregon 3,129,358 93,742 91,261 187,880 24,532
Pennsylvania 10,249,116 1,450,635 63,006 408,526 9,268
Rhode Island 820,522 68,144 10,838 36,610 1,595
South Carolina 3,050,568 1,331,567 37,831 77,449 4,995
South Dakota 709,604 15,424 79,458 10,700 823
Tennessee 4,912,398 1,112,695 48,949 115,246 6,408
Texas 11,790,063 3,096,042 185,511 1,111,445 36,948
Utah 2,302,079 39,983 41,002 79,086 36,266
Vermont 599,512 9,252 6,860 10,824 464
Virginia 5,381,341 1,638,225 64,456 533,640 13,441
Washington 5,150,306 317,350 171,557 610,831 66,718
West Virginia 1,748,953 77,899 12,699 17,073 1,166
Wisconsin 4,818,669 394,594 76,411 154,412 4,419
Wyoming 493,807 7,528 16,320 6,781 937

1 'In combination' means in combination with one or more other races. The sum of the five race groups adds to more than the total population because individuals may report more than one race.
*The data were restructured on the basis of the data obtained from the following source: Table 5 Estimates of the Resident Population by Race Alone or in Combination and Hispanic Origin for the United States and States: July 1, 2011 (SC-EST2011-05). Release Date: May 2012.
Note: Hispanic origin is considered an ethnicity, not a race. Hispanics may be of any race. Responses of "Some Other Race" from the 2010 Census are modified. This results in differences between the population for specific race categories shown for the 2010 Census population in this table versus those in the original 2010 Census data. For more information, see http://www.census.gov/popest/data/historical/files/MRSF-01-US1.pdf.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Release Date: May 2012.

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Table 8B: Annual Estimates of the Population by Race Alone or in Combination(1) and Hispanic Origin for the United States, by States: July 1, 2011*

Geographic Area White Alone or in Combination Black or African-American Alone or in Combination American Indian and Alaska Native Alone or in Combination Asian Alone or in Combination Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Alone or in Combination
TOTAL 47,243,820 3,052,109 2,169,423 918,913 324,177
Alabama 166,969 16,936 10,377 3,024 3,879
Alaska 33,794 3,802 6,540 2,387 866
Arizona 1,802,266 56,457 103,378 29,498 8,517
Arkansas 179,141 8,283 9,604 2,492 1,493
California 13,259,215 419,449 660,586 378,171 88,684
Colorado 982,869 36,997 70,802 16,433 5,054
Connecticut 422,524 66,550 15,736 6,464 3,407
Delaware 62,583 10,909 4,151 948 573
District of Columbia 46,233 10,591 3,208 1,258 722
Florida 4,063,690 262,037 64,906 35,268 12,493
Georgia 770,968 92,520 39,323 12,574 7,020
Hawaii 82,556 6,776 12,514 59,433 47,847
Idaho 169,076 3,356 12,603 2,808 1,154
Illinois 1,934,311 86,764 75,614 24,489 6,244
Indiana 368,301 26,379 16,350 4,864 2,338
Iowa 146,547 6,480 7,943 1,911 930
Kansas 285,574 15,063 16,106 3,831 1,343
Kentucky 123,765 11,101 6,080 2,317 1,475
Louisiana 175,590 21,360 8,928 3,522 1,487
Maine 16,182 1,428 1,104 464 167
Maryland 409,517 65,325 26,040 10,377 3,838
Massachusetts 530,958 109,455 27,083 9,322 5,056
Michigan 398,619 40,266 24,442 6,802 2,215
Minnesota 232,057 16,694 18,768 4,910 1,632
Mississippi 71,415 10,873 4,549 1,477 1,081
Missouri 198,716 16,107 12,077 3,800 2,167
Montana 25,880 1,028 5,211 689 286
Nebraska 158,661 6,376 11,921 2,099 1,441
Nevada 676,795 30,145 29,499 19,474 7,310
New Hampshire 34,387 3,677 1,575 737 299
New Jersey 1,387,561 184,262 53,268 21,703 7,553
New Mexico 916,767 18,691 46,770 8,467 3,054
New York 2,729,777 663,332 176,273 55,348 23,680
North Carolina 713,320 80,144 51,897 12,124 6,548
North Dakota 13,053 832 2,020 298 119
Ohio 318,582 44,597 16,388 6,034 2,807
Oklahoma 302,448 17,608 41,505 4,710 2,078
Oregon 424,064 14,587 37,908 10,260 3,674
Pennsylvania 610,972 126,329 35,125 12,412 5,998
Rhode Island 108,261 23,086 6,644 2,093 1,298
South Carolina 211,573 25,649 11,299 3,873 2,269
South Dakota 19,593 1,004 4,362 377 327
Tennessee 269,967 22,116 14,971 4,545 3,365
Texas 9,364,861 228,470 231,218 71,991 21,504
Utah 345,044 11,101 20,673 6,154 3,353
Vermont 8,769 868 685 227 54
Virginia 573,828 65,440 32,112 15,023 4,731
Washington 711,182 35,153 55,937 25,903 8,841
West Virginia 21,384 2,233 1,100 450 203
Wisconsin 316,081 22,102 18,363 4,418 1,425
Wyoming 47,574 1,321 3,887 660 278

1 'In combination' means in combination with one or more other races. The sum of the five race groups adds to more than the total population because individuals may report more than one race.
*The data were restructured on the basis of the data obtained from the following source: Table 5 Estimates of the Resident Population by Race Alone or in Combination and Hispanic Origin for the United States and States: July 1, 2011 (SC-EST2011-05). Release Date: May 2012.
Note: Hispanic origin is considered an ethnicity, not a race. Hispanics may be of any race. Responses of "Some Other Race" from the 2010 Census are modified. This results in differences between the population for specific race categories shown for the 2010 Census population in this table versus those in the original 2010 Census data. For more information, see http://www.census.gov/popest/data/historical/files/MRSF-01-US1.pdf.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Release Date: May 2012.

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Table 9A: Annual Estimates of the Population by Race Alone or in Combination(1) (Including Hispanic Origin) for the United States, by States: July 1, 2011*

Geographic Area White Alone or in Combination Black or African-American Alone or in Combination American Indian and Alaska Native Alone or in Combination Asian Alone or in Combination Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Alone or in Combination
TOTAL 249,879,509 43,884,130 6,266,061 18,205,898 1,371,564
Alabama 3,428,201 1,303,027 63,979 70,956 8,123
Alaska 535,595 36,242 141,690 53,036 11,772
Arizona 5,624,289 351,551 400,149 251,161 29,466
Arkansas 2,402,630 477,900 54,621 48,698 8,952
California 29,053,559 2,893,884 1,049,669 5,838,176 329,119
Colorado 4,644,105 271,542 137,084 198,705 17,745
Connecticut 3,010,238 439,256 38,219 165,265 7,225
Delaware 667,981 212,543 11,973 35,379 1,500
District of Columbia 273,981 322,478 8,339 29,183 1,631
Florida 15,258,367 3,335,564 187,139 608,552 45,504
Georgia 6,347,084 3,149,131 106,446 385,074 19,780
Hawaii 588,096 45,730 36,278 784,626 359,222
Idaho 1,520,940 19,002 43,036 32,415 5,816
Illinois 10,240,803 2,014,561 137,680 695,365 16,741
Indiana 5,760,582 675,140 58,329 134,439 7,756
Iowa 2,892,225 119,236 28,364 68,364 4,375
Kansas 2,580,775 211,959 66,400 88,331 5,595
Kentucky 3,947,594 389,415 34,748 65,356 5,943
Louisiana 2,972,824 1,516,689 59,460 89,333 5,542
Maine 1,287,318 23,033 18,903 19,174 1,082
Maryland 3,681,452 1,833,676 71,717 387,746 12,106
Massachusetts 5,654,240 581,032 64,003 414,998 12,912
Michigan 8,117,879 1,524,596 148,400 301,732 10,542
Minnesota 4,752,708 342,393 110,687 257,910 7,222
Mississippi 1,815,071 1,130,347 28,895 35,038 3,386
Missouri 5,156,134 759,917 77,898 128,893 12,540
Montana 920,073 9,660 80,635 11,424 1,902
Nebraska 1,691,990 103,849 36,231 43,388 3,783
Nevada 2,201,926 270,625 70,903 257,171 36,365
New Hampshire 1,266,108 24,331 11,208 35,945 1,301
New Jersey 6,680,152 1,383,879 94,695 827,714 16,746
New Mexico 1,779,484 66,471 237,304 45,111 6,092
New York 14,255,486 3,659,850 307,783 1,661,271 47,528
North Carolina 7,123,870 2,227,302 216,531 270,023 18,590
North Dakota 628,814 12,460 44,241 9,758 881
Ohio 9,857,430 1,569,826 96,908 247,270 11,805
Oklahoma 3,070,056 343,494 505,073 90,029 9,674
Oregon 3,553,422 108,329 129,169 198,140 28,206
Pennsylvania 10,860,088 1,576,964 98,131 420,938 15,266
Rhode Island 928,783 91,230 17,482 38,703 2,893
South Carolina 3,262,141 1,357,216 49,130 81,322 7,264
South Dakota 729,197 16,428 83,820 11,077 1,150
Tennessee 5,182,365 1,134,811 63,920 119,791 9,773
Texas 21,154,924 3,324,512 416,729 1,183,436 58,452
Utah 2,647,123 51,084 61,675 85,240 39,619
Vermont 608,281 10,120 7,545 11,051 518
Virginia 5,955,169 1,703,665 96,568 548,663 18,172
Washington 5,861,488 352,503 227,494 636,734 75,559
West Virginia 1,770,337 80,132 13,799 17,523 1,369
Wisconsin 5,134,750 416,696 94,774 158,830 5,844
Wyoming 541,381 8,849 20,207 7,441 1,215

1 'In combination' means in combination with one or more other races. The sum of the five race groups adds to more than the total population because individuals may report more than one race.
*The data were restructured on the basis of the data obtained from the following source: Table 5 Estimates of the Resident Population by Race Alone or in Combination and Hispanic Origin for the United States and States: July 1, 2011 (SC-EST2011-05). Release Date: May 2012.
Note: Hispanic origin is considered an ethnicity, not a race. Hispanics may be of any race. Responses of "Some Other Race" from the 2010 Census are modified. This results in differences between the population for specific race categories shown for the 2010 Census population in this table versus those in the original 2010 Census data. For more information, see http://www.census.gov/popest/data/historical/files/MRSF-01-US1.pdf.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Release Date: May 2012.

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Table 9B: Annual Estimates of the Population by Race Alone or in Combination(1) (Excluding Hispanic Origin) for the United States, by States: July 1, 2011*

Geographic Area White Alone or in Combination Black or African-American or in Combination American Indian and Alaska Native or in Combination Asian or in Combination Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander or in Combination
TOTAL 47,243,820 3,052,109 2,169,423 918,913 324,177
Alabama 166,969 16,936 10,377 3,024 3,879
Alaska 33,794 3,802 6,540 2,387 866
Arizona 1,802,266 56,457 103,378 29,498 8,517
Arkansas 179,141 8,283 9,604 2,492 1,493
California 13,259,215 419,449 660,586 378,171 88,684
Colorado 982,869 36,997 70,802 16,433 5,054
Connecticut 422,524 66,550 15,736 6,464 3,407
Delaware 62,583 10,909 4,151 948 573
District of Columbia 46,233 10,591 3,208 1,258 722
Florida 4,063,690 262,037 64,906 35,268 12,493
Georgia 770,968 92,520 39,323 12,574 7,020
Hawaii 82,556 6,776 12,514 59,433 47,847
Idaho 169,076 3,356 12,603 2,808 1,154
Illinois 1,934,311 86,764 75,614 24,489 6,244
Indiana 368,301 26,379 16,350 4,864 2,338
Iowa 146,547 6,480 7,943 1,911 930
Kansas 285,574 15,063 16,106 3,831 1,343
Kentucky 123,765 11,101 6,080 2,317 1,475
Louisiana 175,590 21,360 8,928 3,522 1,487
Maine 16,182 1,428 1,104 464 167
Maryland 409,517 65,325 26,040 10,377 3,838
Massachusetts 530,958 109,455 27,083 9,322 5,056
Michigan 398,619 40,266 24,442 6,802 2,215
Minnesota 232,057 16,694 18,768 4,910 1,632
Mississippi 71,415 10,873 4,549 1,477 1,081
Missouri 198,716 16,107 12,077 3,800 2,167
Montana 25,880 1,028 5,211 689 286
Nebraska 158,661 6,376 11,921 2,099 1,441
Nevada 676,795 30,145 29,499 19,474 7,310
New Hampshire 34,387 3,677 1,575 737 299
New Jersey 1,387,561 184,262 53,268 21,703 7,553
New Mexico 916,767 18,691 46,770 8,467 3,054
New York 2,729,777 663,332 176,273 55,348 23,680
North Carolina 713,320 80,144 51,897 12,124 6,548
North Dakota 13,053 832 2,020 298 119
Ohio 318,582 44,597 16,388 6,034 2,807
Oklahoma 302,448 17,608 41,505 4,710 2,078
Oregon 424,064 14,587 37,908 10,260 3,674
Pennsylvania 610,972 126,329 35,125 12,412 5,998
Rhode Island 108,261 23,086 6,644 2,093 1,298
South Carolina 211,573 25,649 11,299 3,873 2,269
South Dakota 19,593 1,004 4,362 377 327
Tennessee 269,967 22,116 14,971 4,545 3,365
Texas 9,364,861 228,470 231,218 71,991 21,504
Utah 345,044 11,101 20,673 6,154 3,353
Vermont 8,769 868 685 227 54
Virginia 573,828 65,440 32,112 15,023 4,731
Washington 711,182 35,153 55,937 25,903 8,841
West Virginia 21,384 2,233 1,100 450 203
Wisconsin 316,081 22,102 18,363 4,418 1,425
Wyoming 47,574 1,321 3,887 660 278

1 'In combination' means in combination with one or more other races. The sum of the five race groups adds to more than the total population because individuals may report more than one race.
*The data were restructured on the basis of the data obtained from the following source: Table 5 Estimates of the Resident Population by Race Alone or in Combination and Hispanic Origin for the United States and States: July 1, 2011 (SC-EST2011-05). Release Date: May 2012.
Note: Hispanic origin is considered an ethnicity, not a race. Hispanics may be of any race. Responses of "Some Other Race" from the 2010 Census are modified. This results in differences between the population for specific race categories shown for the 2010 Census population in this table versus those in the original 2010 Census data. For more information, see http://www.census.gov/popest/data/historical/files/MRSF-01-US1.pdf.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Release Date: May 2012.

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References

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  2. Marmot M, Friel S, Bell R, Houweling TA, Taylor S. Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health. The Lancet. 2012;372(9650):1661–1669
  3. Kirch DG, Nivet MA, Berlin A. (2012) Commentary: Who will help the United States attain the goal of health equity? Acad Med. 2012;87(6):689–90.